The first Scottish Rite organization among African-Americans was the African Grand Council of 1820 in Philadelphia, which was referred to as a Council of Princes of Jerusalem. This Council arose through West Indian migration, for Stephen Morin had propagated the Rite there. The Organization of the King David Supreme Council grew out of the conferring in Philadelphia (1850) of the 33rd Degree by Count DeSaint Laurent (also, Larine) of the Supreme Council of France and the Grand Commander of the Council of Spain on David Leary, the first Black Inspector-General of the Prince Hall Scottish Rite.
In New York City, a Supreme Council of the United States was established in 1864. Also in 1864, a separate Supreme Council was formed in New York, which was made up of members from the National Compact Grand Lodge, from which a Southern Jurisdiction split off with the Headquarters in Baltimore, Maryland. From the Philadelphia Council, a Southern and Western Jurisdiction defected with Headquarters at Washington, D.C. In 1871 a fifth was established in Philadelphia, and was named King Fredrick Supreme Council. In 1881-1887, these five merged into 2 United Supreme Councils of the 33rd Degree: one for Northern Jurisdiction and one for Southern Jurisdiction.
Ill. Edward M. Thomas petitioned the King David Council, since he was residing in the District of Columbia, for the 33rd degree to be conferred on representative Masons in D.C., and on May 5, 1856, the conferment was made and a council was established. A fourth council was set up in Baltimore, Maryland and a fifth Council in Philadelphia. These 5 Councils petitioned for unity in a conference in New York City on January 13, 1881, and was responsible for the Articles of Union and two Supreme Councils of the Northern Jurisdiction (PHA) and the United Supreme Council of the Southern Jurisdiction (PHA).
The constitutions for the Southern Jurisdiction were established in 1887 and revised in 1917 and 1989. The Southern Jurisdiction for the United Supreme Council, PHA, consists of the states: AL, AR, FL, GA, KT, LA, MD, MS, Missouri, NC, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV, the territories of Arizona, New Mexico, the District of Columbia, and Alaska. The Northern Jurisdiction consists of the following states: CO, Connecticut, DE, ID, Illinois, IN, IO, KA, Maine, Mass, MI, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, NH, NJ, NY, ND, OH, OR,Pennsylvania, RI, SD, UT, VT, Washington, Wisconsin, Wyoming, and that of the states outside Continental United States. Alaska shall belong to the Northern also.
As a result of the conference of the Sovereign Grand Commanders of the two Supreme Councils, Northern and Southern Jurisdictions A.A.S.R., PHA, on August 2, 1966, were established at the Cathedral, Fitzwater & Mole St. in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The above divisions were made based on a boundary developed by a joint committee in Wilmington, Delaware on April 19, 1907 using the Mason-Dixon Line as an official boundary.
The Commanders of the Rite is composed of learned grand inspectors general of all grades. They exist to provide guidance and wise counsel to consistories and the council of deliberation in the state. The Commanders of the Rite must function to assist the consistories in the application and implementation of the true meaning of the ancient and accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry.
Other functions are to maintain a broad avenue of charitable programs and to produce workshops for sublime princes in order that they may better understand Scottish Rite Masonry. Another very important function is to offer their assistance to the consistory in fund raising projects and programs for the purpose of charity. The commanders of the rite must be active in their communities by volunteering to perform various civic services thereby demonstrating to the citizenry that Scottish Rite Masons are civic minded men of honor and good moral character.Source: GIG Ill. Leonard W. Larue, Dean of Instruction Pentecost Consistory No. 98 A.A.S.R., S.J.
|Asheville #253||Keldon Austin||4th Sunday, 7PM||35 Booker Street Asheville, NC|
|GW Carver #172||Charles E. Lindsay||2nd Saturday, 1PM||324 N. Highland Street Gastonia, NC|
|Charlotte #35||James P. Elliott||4th Wednesday, 730PM||2101 Newland Road Charlotte, NC|
|Cleveland #122||Herman W. Brown, Sr.||2nd Tuesday, 7PM|
|Joseph P. Evans #280||Willie Alexander||4th Monday, 730PM||517 S. Center Street Statesville, NC|
|King Solomon #64||Richard L. Williams||1st Friday, 8PM||1025 East 14th Street Winston Salem, NC|
|John G Lewis #326||Charles Carter||2nd Tuesday, 7PM||915 Cotton Grove Road Lexington, NC|
|IH Clayborn #365||Alvin Corpening|
|Durham #218||Joseph W. Burwell||4th Sunday, 4PM||2312 S. Alston Avenue Durham, NC|
|Greensboro #106||Bernard Cotton||4th Wednesday, 8PM||1101 East Market Street Greensboro, NC|
|Henderson #195||Russell Deans||3rd Sunday, 4PM||1204 W. Andrew Avenue Henderson, NC|
|Reidsville #224||Eric T. Badgett||4th Thursday, 730PM||Harrison & Vance Street Reidsville, NC|
|Roanoke-Chowan #276||Melvin Burgess||4th Sunday, 4PM||924 Main Street Rich Square, NC|
|HB Shaw #337||Larry Brooks||1st Thursday, 730PM||Battle Ax Lodge #120 Roxboro, NC|
|Boyer #219||Byron Vickers||1st Sunday, 5PM||518 S. Blount Street Raleigh, NC|
|Allen-Mingo #325||Terry Barnes||2nd Monday, 7PM||1212 Daisy Street Elizabethtown, NC|
|GW Allen #324||Alfonzo Emerson||1st Sunday, 6PM||309 Humber Street Sanford, NC|
|Cape Fear #263||James T. Fryar||3rd Sunday, 4PM||Libson Street Clinton, NC|
|Carpenters #164||Charles Bristow||4th Sunday, 4PM||20321 Old Lumberton Road Maxton, NC|
|Edward Evans #196||Freddie Roberson|
|JW Moore #57||Dennis Lyons||4th Tuesday, 730PM||418 Lexington Street Rocky Mount, NC|
|CA Whitehead #188||Ernest L. Winstead||4th Sunday, 5PM||304 S. Slocumb Street Goldsboro, NC|
|Alexander #228||Robert D. Hood||2nd Sunday, 5PM||313 E. Gordon Street Kinston, NC|
|C.S. Brown #268||John D. Horton|
|JW Hood #155||Victor Neal||4th Wednesday, 8PM||1200 Herrington Road Elizabeth City, NC|
|Lewis-Mingo #316||Randolph Dickinson||93 Archdale Drive Jacksonville, NC|
|New Bern #30||Emilio Davis||3rd Saturday, 1PM||1036 Queen Street New Bern, NC|
|Roanoke #248||Kiplan Clemmons||3rd Saturday, 10AM||304 ML King Drive Williamston, NC|
|Wilmington #63||Donnie L. Frink Jr.||2nd Thursday, 8PM||602 Orange Street Wilmington, NC|
In 1907, some members of the Jonathan Davis Consistory in Washington, DC, conceived the idea of forming a ladies auxiliary to their Consistory. They believed that the helpful and beneficial influence of women was felt in all branches of Freemasonry and there was no reason why the Scottish Rite should be an exception. The task of organizing the auxiliary was given to Grand Inspector General Andrew Laster of the Jonathan Davis Consistory.
Initially the growth of the auxiliary was disgustingly slow, especially when only two ladies and sometimes only one lady attended the meetings. In October 1907, the auxiliary received a new impetus: new members were added, the old members took on new zeal and optimism that started the auxiliary on its present course of success. Also, about that time, the new Sovereign Grand Commander, Robert L. Pendleton, 33rd Degree, who was then the Deputy for the District of Columbia, conceived the idea of conferring degrees upon the ladies of the auxiliaries. The objective was to bring the ladies into a closer relationship with the brethren of the Scottish Rite. The title, “Order of the Golden Circle, Auxiliary to Scottish Rite Freemasonry,” was selected.
A ritual was prepared and written by Illustrious Pendleton. The proposition was, of course, favorably accepted by the ladies and subsequently adopted by the Supreme Council for the Southern Jurisdiction with the understanding that all the ladies who, at that time were members of the auxiliary were to be eligible, but thereafter the membership would be limited to only those possessing a Scottish Rite relationship (the wife, widow, mother or sister of a Scottish Rite Mason who is now in good standing or was at his death is eligible for membership in the order).
On May 6, 1908, Illustrious Pendleton conferred the degrees, gave and explained the obligations, signs and motto's to the first officers of the Order of the Golden Circle, Auxiliary to the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry. The Ladies of Washington, DC, named their assembly, “The Richard Howard Gleaves Assembly No. 2, Order of the Golden Circle.” The number 1 was assigned to the “Queen Esther Assembly of Baltimore, MD, because the Scottish Rite Auxiliary of that city was the first to be organized in the jurisdiction. NOTE: The officers of every auxiliary Assembly of the Order of the Golden Circle are styled as follows: Loyal Lady Ruler, Loyal Lady Associate Ruler, Loyal Lady Priestess, Loyal Lady Guide, Loyal Lady Treasurer, Loyal Lady Secretary, Loyal Lady Herald, Loyal Lady Standard Bearer, Loyal Lady Inner Guard, and Loyal Lady Outer Guard. The first six officers shall be elected and the remainder appointed by the elected Loyal Lady Ruler.
After the officers had received their degrees, notices were sent to the remaining members of the former auxiliary and on Tuesday, May 12, 1908, the other ladies received the beautiful and impressive degrees in brief ceremonies that proved to be of benefit only to those who will heed their admonitions. These initial assemblies were plants of slow but steady growth. They were comprised of a number of ladies who seemed to be of one family circle. A code of By-Laws was adopted in June 1908, making the assemblies beneficial after a year’s membership and limiting the benefits to seek dues. They agreed to do charity work in hospitals and to relieve suffering humanity as best they could in a simple way, such as carrying fruits, flowers, magazines, etc., to the sick, who had no friends to provide for them, and to care for the elderly and those who were otherwise uncared for.
THE DOVE: The Dove, as defined by Collier’s Encyclopedia, “…is a name loosely applied to any of a large number of birds of the pigeon family. Although there is no technical distinction between pigeons and doves, the species known as doves are mostly small to medium-sized and characterized by soft, dull hues, such as browns, grays and the neutral one known as dove color. Doves usually have low cooing voices, and their apparently amiable dispositions have made them symbols of peace and affection.”
In the Order of the Golden Circle, the Dove within the golden circle signifies “the hope that peace shall reign always within our precincts.” The Dove has many references in the Bible that we can remember: Doves were sent out during the flood, from Noah’s Ark, based on the fact that the first Dove never returned and the second dove came back with its feet still wet and bedraggled, Noah was reluctant yet to leave the Ark. But the third Dove returned with an olive branch in its beak, signifying the peace and tranquility that prevailed over the earth. This third Dove was the divine messenger of peace and hovered over the retreating waters like a celestial harbinger of safety. Thus, an arch or distant horizon floating on the surface of the ocean attended by a Dove with an olive branch in its beak and encircled by a rainbow, form a striking and expressive symbol which needs no explanation. If freemasonry has allowed the Dove to occupy a high position among its hallowed symbols, the reasons for such an approbation (benediction) are fully competent to justify the proceedings.
The Dove was an agent at the creation, at the deluge, or flood, and at the baptism of our Lord Jesus the Christ. When the heavens opened and a brightness shone about, as our Lord Jesus came out of the water after being baptized by John the Baptist, the Dove alights on His shoulders and a voice from the Heavens declared, “This is my Beloved Son in Whom I am Well Pleased.”
|Amelia J. Lewis #253||Betty Gash||4th Sunday, 7PM||35 Booker Street Asheville, NC|
|GW Carver #172||Kim Peterson||2nd Saturday, 9AM||324 N. Holland Street Gastonia, NC|
|Zack Alexander #35||Maria Taylor-Perry||2nd Wednesday, 730PM||2101 Newland Road Charlotte, NC|
|Joseph P. Evans #280||Janie H. Jones||4th Saturday, 730PM||517 S. Center Street Statesville, NC|
|King Solomon #64||Vanessa Lylerly||2nd Saturday, 3:30PM||1025 East 14th Street Winston Salem, NC|
|Jon G Lewis #326||Ethel W. Wilson||2nd Tuesday, 7PM||512 Cotton Grove Road Lexington, NC|
|Unifour #361||Maraget Carson||4th Thursday, 7PM||300 Center Street Morganton, NC|
|University #218||Pearlie L. Lewis||4th Sunday, 4PM||2312 S. Alston Avenue Durham, NC|
|Greensboro #106||Sherrie Moore||4th Wednesday, 8PM||1101 East Market Street Greensboro, NC|
|Henderson #195||Aretha Renee Best||3rd Sunday, 4PM||1204 W. Andrew Avenue Henderson, NC|
|Reidsville #224||Beverly Winstead||4th Thursday, 7PM||610 Vance Street Reidsville, NC|
|Roanoke-Chowan #276||Marilyn Garner||3rd Saturday, 2PM||924 Main Street Rich Square, NC|
|HB Shaw #337||Verginald Drumright||1st Thursday, 730PM||302 Lawson Chapel Church Rd Roxboro, NC|
|Boyer #219||Julia Mitchell||1st Sunday, 3PM||513 S. Blount Street Raleigh, NC|
|James T. Diggs #308||Michele Parmley||4th Monday, 730PM||1022 Rosenwald St., Burlington, NC|
|Allen-Mingo #325||Jackie Smith||2nd Monday, 7PM||1212 Daisy Street Elizabethtown, NC|
|GW Allen #324||Brenda Thompson||1st Sunday, 6PM||309 Humber Street Sanford, NC|
|Cape Fear #263||James T. Fryar||3rd Sunday, 4PM||Libson Street Clinton, NC|
|Carpenters #164||Annie Hicks-Hager||1st Saturday, 1PM||20321 Old Lumberton Road Maxton, NC|
|Edward Evans #196||Vera Stukes||2nd Wednesday, 8PM||820 Cumberland St., Fayetteville, NC|
|JW Moore #57||Grace McArthur||1st Tuesday, 730PM||418 Lexington Street Rocky Mount, NC|
|CA Whitehead #188||Louise Hobbs||2nd Monday, 7PM||304 S. Slocumb Street Goldsboro, NC|
|Alexander #228||Tina Sheppard Jones||2nd Sunday, 5PM||313 E. Gordon Street Kinston, NC|
|Chowan Valley #268||Linda Peele||2nd Saturday, 10AM||101 S. Murphy Street Winton, NC|
|JW Hood #155||Mary Sharpe||4th Wednesday, 5PM||1200 Herrington Road Elizabeth City, NC|
|Lewis-Mingo #316||Essie Walker||4th Thursday, 7:30PM||3 Kerr Street Jacksonville, NC|
|W.W. Lawrence #30||Shirla Sewell-Fisher||3rd Saturday, 12PM||1036 Queen Street New Bern, NC|
|Roanoke #248||Audrey Blount||3rd Saturday, 2PM||304 ML King Drive Williamston, NC|
|Wilmington #63||Meriam F. Reid||2nd Saturday, 1PM||602 Orange Street Wilmington, NC|